Energy Business FT
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Energy Trade and Market Mechanisms

level of course unit


Learning outcomes of course unit

Graduates are able to explain the principles of regulated markets and their unbundling from free-trade markets and interpret these in regard to electricity and gas-network regulations, identify the principles of commodity futures trading and describe free-trading energy markets for electricity and gas, interpret the status of European and national energy markets in regard to political development goals, analyze and assess price developments by means of data processing programs with high temporal resolution.

prerequisites and co-requisites

Introduction to Energy Business, Electrical Power-Supply Networks

course contents

The types of unbundling of natural monopolies and free energy markets are illustrated for the electricity and gas economy in regard to their national and European development. Students become familiar with standardized stock-market products and trade markets. Price developments based on examples from the stock market and online trade are graphically prepared and analyzed by means of database applications that are common in Energy Business. Key figures are determined and interpreted based on examples.
Various approaches for energy services, regulated energy services and capacity services in the electricity and gas market are compared with each other. Market players and price-formation mechanisms are explained in various added-value steps as e.g. the transfer pricing system and structured electricity procurement.
Data and facts from current statistics of the World Energy Outlook and other sources are collected and interpreted against the background of political development goals. The influence of government interventions in market events by means of funding measures, infrastructure development measures or the restriction of market power of individual energy-management companies are examined based on examples.

recommended or required reading

Stern J.: The Transition to Hub-Based Gas Pricing in Continaental Europe, Oxford Institute of Energy Studies, 2011
Ströbele W.; Pfaffenberger W.; Heuterkes M.: Energiewirtschaft: Einführung in Theorie und Politik, 1. Auflage, Oldenbourg Wissenschaftsverlag; 2012
Zenke I.; et al.: Energiehandel in Europa: Öl, Gas, Strom, Derivate, Zertifikate, 3. Auflage, C.H.Beck Verlag, 2012

assessment methods and criteria

Written examination, presentation

language of instruction


number of ECTS credits allocated


planned learning activities and teaching methods

Integrative course

semester/trimester when the course unit is delivered


name of lecturer(s)


year of study


recommended optional program components

Not specified

course unit code


type of course unit

Compulsory lecture

mode of delivery

Integrative course

work placement(s)

Not applicable