Biomimetics Close Up
As a scientific discipline, biomimetics systematically deals with the technical realization and application of constructions, processes, and developmental principles of biologic systems. Authors such as Cohen and Reich (2016) even trust biomimetics to make valuable contributions to major societal, medical, and economical challenges. Examples are provided by—among others—Nachtigall (2013) and Bar-Cohen (2011).
- Artificial (sensory) Organs
- Compostable bio-Plastics
- Fighting against genetic diseases by means of genome Engineering
- Mastery of nano-assembly using self-assembling functional nanostructures (e.g., for medical technology, the pharmaceutical industry, or sustainable process Technology)
- Direct and indirect increase in the energy efficiency of Transport
- Sustainable energy generation using artificial photosynthesis
- Sustainable cultivation of grain
- Energy self-sustaining Buildings
- Ecological mining of rare metals through plants
It comes as no surprise that, within the past few years, two biomimetics-based products were awarded the renowned German Future Prize; in 2010, the bionic elephant trunk handling assistant by Festo came in first place, and in 2015, the 3D printing for non-military aircraft production by Airbus Operations, the Laser Center North and the Concept Laser GmbH came second.
Helmut Tributsch, a renowned biomimeticist, head of the Hahn Meitner Institute for solar energy systems and professor at the Freie Universität Berlin, wrote in 2010 that biomimetics had proven to bring us technical advances. Up until then, however, new knowledge gained in the field of biomimetics was sparse and was mostly from accidental discoveries or discoveries made by motivated individuals focused on the field. He asked whether that was enough for our time; whether we could afford to treat a field with so much potential as a minor matter for which we have no qualified experts (BMVIT, 2010).
Preventing a lack of experts through a high-quality, cross-functional expert training program.
Bio-inspired engineering master's graduates will acquire a solid understanding of the ecological dimension of biomimetics and will be able to evaluate a bio-inspired product and the level of sustainability of its production. They will have the most important basics of the sub-fields of biomimetics. The graduates will internalize a process of abstraction through the identical structure of the various individual sub-field modules: Biology for Engineers, Engineering Principles of Biomimetics, Biomimetics, and the practical exercises in the biomimetics lab.
On top of that, graduates will understand the basics of the sub-fields of biology required in biomimetics, especially botany, zoology, molecular- and neurobiology, human psychology, micro- and synthetic biology, theoretical and evolutionary biology, self-assembly, molecular machines, ecology, sustainability and biological systems, and forms of organization.
Regarding the graduates' engineering and science knowledge, they will have the basics in applied solid state physics, micro- and nanotechnology, mechanics and flow theory, mechatronics and robotics, photonics, biomedical technology, bio-technology and biochemistry, mathematical biology, applied computer science, cybernetics, and systems engineering. In all the specific fields listed above, graduates will know about and be able to field-appropriately convey the terminology, principles, and processes relevant for biomimetics.
Expert Talk & Networking of the Master Course
The symposium Bionics offered from 1.-2. February 2018 exciting insights into the world of bionics - from applied research through rapid prototyping to production. The FH Kufstein Tirol and the Werkstätte Wattens brought together first-class speakers to Tyrol. Read more: Dschungel, Origami und Roboterameisen - Spannende Einblicke in die Bionik bei Fachtagung an der FH Kufstein Tirol