Core sectors of biomimetics
Participants in the Master's program bio-inspired engineering can work in the following core sectors (in alphabetical order):
- Aerospace industry
- Architecture and construction Offices
- Automation Technology
- Chemical and pharmaceutical industries
- Consumer and industrial goods production
- Electrical engineering and electronics companies
- Machine construction and plant Engineering
- Process automation and optimization
- Rehabilitation and medical Technology
- Renewable energy
- System manufacturing
- Transport and traffic industry
- Vehicle industry
- Wood industry and wood architecture
Professions for Biometricians – A Cross Section
- Applied Research & Development
A wide range of research topics can be explored with a biomimetics background. They can be divided into three broad groups:
- Constructional or structural biomimetics (surfaces and constructions),
- Process biomimetics (e.g., photosynthesis), and
- Information biomimetics (e.g., evolution).
Fields of biomimetics applications are mainly found in medicine, surface engineering, mechanical engineering, material development, architecture, communication technology, and robotics.
- Technical and Systems Biology
Technical biology connects elements of the three large subject areas of biology, chemistry, and process engineering. A sub-area of bio-technology deals with the technical exploitation of biological systems or parts thereof for product synthesis or changing of a product’s chemistry. Said exploitation of biological systems includes the use of bacteria, yeasts, fungi, algae, etc., (microbial bio-technology), and plant, animal, or human cell cultures (cell culture engineering) and isolated or produced peptides and proteins and their processing and technical application (e.g., enzyme engineering, biocatalysis, and biosensorics).).
- Product Development and Construction
This field focuses on the generation of growth on established markets through new products or the improvement of already existing products. Through biomimetics, real market innovations can be achieved on new or established markets or can contribute to improvements and further development of product lines. Interconnected with that are communication and cooperation at the interface with R&D, technical development, construction and production transition, and production.
- Industrial and Product Design
Industrial and product design comprises all efforts aimed at making industrial products not only technically appropriate but also aesthetic. Again, this field relies mostly on computer-assisted tasks, such as 3D design, functional optimization through finite elements, and implementation through rapid prototyping.
- Manufacturing Engineering
Manufacturing engineering is the transformation of scientific knowledge into processes that are controlled (technologically) through people and can be integrated into industrially used production systems. Related tasks include the independent finding of solutions to complex optimization issues, the handling of large amounts of data (big data), and the development of customer-specific optimization algorithms (generic algorithms and artificial intelligence). These tasks require systemic thinking and profound knowledge in mathematics, computer science, and object-oriented programming.
In the field of biomimetics, interdisciplinary and profound expertise are required. In many places, it is considered a sustainable driving force for innovation. Both these facts explain why biomimeticists are in high demand in the strategic consultancy of certain company departments, such as product, R&D, and innovation management.