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Funding in Culture

Niveau der Lehrveranstaltung/des Moduls laut Lehrplan

second cycle, Master

Lernergebnisse der Lehrveranstaltung/des Moduls

Students know public and private funding institutions and formats, exemplified by European national and continental structures as well as the USA and their relations to Asian and African countries. They understand the reciprocity of funding institutions and cultural programs and can explain the new tendencies such as participation and good governance. They know about the challenges of sponsorship and the dynamics of new forms like crowdfunding. They can reflect on the complexity to define the concept of “culture” in relation to funding. They are able to plan a strategy for funding, using the “financial mix”.

Voraussetzungen laut Lehrplan

not applicable


The funding of arts, cultural activities and heritage proves to be a fundamental challenge for cultural managers. In Europe, the USA, Africa and Asia, different approaches and traditions have been established to define the public role and funding of the arts and culture. The seminar focuses on the interdependence of cultural policies and public funding, taking national and continental examples in the EU and the USA. Multilateral international cultural policies and initiatives will be considered especially for cooperation with Asian and African countries. Apart from public sources, other forms of funding will be introduced, such as sponsorship, coproduction, crowdfunding, private initiatives and foundations.
The seminar emphasizes on non-profit organizations and institutions subject to public law. Ideological involvements and impacts will be discussed based on the approaches of the cultural studies. Moreover, the term and concept of “culture” defined by funding institutions has to be reflected and compared internationally.
Key aspects:
- Grants and subsidies, artistic scholarship funds and tax reductions on national and EU level
- Intergovernmental forms and multilateral policies of funding, Francophonie and Goethe-Institut
- New Tendencies of public funding: good governance and participation
- the potentials of (international) sponsorship
- (international) cooperation and coproduction
- Crowdfunding
- The “financial mix”: an exemplary case study

empfohlene Fachliteratur

Anheier, Helmut (2008): The cultural economy. Sage Publications
ARTS COUNCIL (ed) (2014): Understanding the values and impacts of cultural experiences
Baumol, William J. et al. (1993): Performingarts - the economic dilemma: a study of problems common to theater, opera, music and dance. Aldershot (u.a.): Gregg Revivals.
EUNIC (ed) (2011): Europe-China compass for cooperation DIMAGGIO, P. (2001): Measuring the impact of the nonprofit sector on society is probably impossible but possibly useful. In Measuring the impact of the nonprofit sector (pp. 249-272): Springer.
GRAY, Clive (2012): Democratic cultural policy: democratic forms and policy consequences – In: International Journal of Cultural Policy 18. London: Taylor & Francis, pp. 505-51
OFFE, Claus (2009): Governance: An ‘Empty Signifier’? Constellations. – In: International Journal of Critical and Democratic Theory 16, pp. 550-562.
POLLITT, C., & BOUCKAERT, G. (2011): Public management reform: a comparative analysis - new public management, governance and the Neo-Weberian state. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
REASON, Peter (1998): Political, epistemological, ecological and spiritual dimensions of participation. – In: Studies in Cultures, Organizations and Societies 4. London: Taylor & Francis, pp. 147-167.
SIMS, William Stuart (2011): Creative Change. Audience Development and Cultural Engagement in the Nonprofit Arts. Michigan: Proquest.
SORJONEN, Hilppa (2011): The manifestation of market orientation and its andecedentes in program planning of arts institutions, in: International Journal of arts management, pp. 4-17
WOLPERT, J. (2001): The distributional impacts of nonprofits and philanthropy: Springer.
ŽIŽEK, Slavoj (2011): There’s a lot of work to be done in Europe – In: CultureWatchEurope (Hg.), Think Tank. Cultural Governance: From Challenges to Changes. Bled/Slo., pp. 21-30.

Bewertungsmethoden und -kriterien

written examination (seminar paper)



Anzahl der zugewiesenen ECTS-Credits


Semesterwochenstunden (SWS)


geplante Lehr- und Lernmethoden

integrated course, case studies, discussion, group work

Semester/Trimester, in dem die Lehrveranstaltung/das Modul angeboten wird


Name des/der Vortragenden

Claus-Ulrich Bader


1st year of study

empfohlene optionale Programmeinheiten

not applicable

Kennzahl der Lehrveranstaltungen/des Moduls


Art der Lehrveranstaltung/des Moduls

compulsory (seminar degree)

Art der Lehrveranstaltung

in-class course


not applicable


Kohlhofer Monika
Asc. Prof. (FH) Mag. Monika Kohlhofer
+43 5372 71819 176
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